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Race, Ethnicity & Gender on Campus

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Virginia Tech Goes #Unfinished
CURRENTS Article Attendees of the #VTUnfinished workshop and five discussion sessions said the program provided new insights and strategies for tackling diversity issues, introduced them to community members they could learn from, and encouraged them to think critically and speak comfortably about inclusion. Social media conversations on the #VTUnfinished hashtag also played an important role in furthering campus dialogue.

Refuge for Refugees
CURRENTS Article In January 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump signed an executive order that immediately banned travelers from seven Muslim-majority countries-Iraq, Syria, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia, and Yemen-from entering the U.S. for 90 days and prevented all refugees from entering for 120 days. The executive order, wrote President Dennis Hanno of Wheaton College in Massachusetts, "implies that international students are neither needed nor wanted. This is false, and we must counter that divisive message." Hanno announced the creation of a full scholarship for a refugee applicant from a war-torn country, with preference given to applicants from one of the seven countries affected by the original executive order.

Pass the Hamantaschen, Please
CURRENTS Article Every spring since 1991, 2,000 students and community Members of all ages and faiths let loose at the State University of New York at Binghamton's Purim Carnival. One of the lesser-known Jewish holidays, Purim commemorates the defeat of Haman's plot to massacre the Jews as recorded in the book of Esther. The holiday's joyful, celebratory spirit makes it ideal to bring together students of different faiths.

Voices
CURRENTS Article Advice for when a colleague acts too casual and friendly with donors; how to be preapred for last-minute end-of-the-year gifts; and thougths on preparing Native American high school students for college.

MGOs See More Pressure and Less Time According to Report
Article,  BriefCASE Article Major gift and planned giving officers feel pressure from and frustration with the time they have available for solicitation, according to a recent survey.

The New Rules of Digital Engagement for Leaders
Article,  BriefCASE Article The same things that have always made a leader still apply—they just look very different, says a digital expert and CASE Summit for Leaders in Advancement speaker.

How University Leaders Can Really Address Discrimination
Article,  BriefCASE Article Leaders who are serious about promoting diversity and equality in their organizations must commit more than just words to their cause, argues one author and professor of psychology.

Outlook: How Welcoming Is Your School?
CURRENTS Article A parent of a transgender teen offers advice about creating a supportive community: Those of us who are close to a transgender person know that they struggle with day-to-day issues that are much quieter, less dramatic, and more human than sensationalistic headlines might lead people to believe. As parents, our first goal was to help our child finish middle school as a girl—and enter high school as a boy. Checking out high school options for my transgender son was an educational process both for me and some of the schools I visited. Initially, I wasn't sure what he needed, but I quickly learned that it would be more than just a gender-neutral bathroom.

Copy And Share Everything
CURRENTS Article Bow Valley College's regional advertising campaign; the University of Leicester's video to raise awareness for its participation in the United Nations' HeForShe campaign for gender equality; and the University of Missouri creative team's helpful and entertaining online news article "Emailing Your Professor: You're Doing It Wrong."

Angry Students, Alarmed Alumni
CURRENTS Article More than 80 colleges and universities have experienced student protests in recent years. Underrepresented students have publicly called on their institutions to address the often toxic environments they face as minorities. These efforts range from the viral 2013 #BBUM hashtag campaign—Being Black at the University of Michigan, a social media tactic marginalized students adopted worldwide—to dozens of protests in 2015-16. The demonstrations have undermined advancement efforts, with alumni and donors questioning whether students have taken over. The protests are also forcing institutions to scrutinize their campus and address overt, subtle, and systemic racism. Here's how some institutions are navigating the protests.

When One Wrong Makes a Right
CURRENTS Article An Australian LGBT advocacy group, Minus 18, organized the Same Sex Gender Diverse Formal. When the anti-gay Stop Safe Schools Coalition, heard about the dance, it cooked asked its members to buy all the nonrefundable tickets to prevent LGBT kids from attending the party. But Minus 18 was crowdfunding the $40 tickets so teens who couldn't afford them could still attend. So the anti-gay group spent thousands of dollars ensuring hundreds of young people could party for free.

Outlook: The Greek Mythology of Inclusiveness
CURRENTS Article Tales of bad Greeks proliferate: In early 2015, a video surfaced of University of Oklahoma Sigma Alpha Epsilon members spiritedly chanting about lynching African Americans rather than allowing them to join the fraternity. In fall 2015, the Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity and Alpha Phi sorority chapters at the University of California, Los Angeles, held a "Kanye Western" party—and some attendees reportedly wore blackface. By late 2015, SAE was back in the news, its Yale University chapter accused of admitting "white girls only" to a party. Yet beliefs persist that society is post-racial or that higher education lives up to its stated principles of inclusivity. Many assume that these individual Greek chapters or members are little more than proverbial bad apples. But this view overlooks an otherwise ugly apple orchard. It also absolves colleges and universities of their duty to ensure equality on campus. Ultimately, though, institutions must ensure equality, and students must demand that justice.

Talking Points: Broadening the Experience
CURRENTS Article Students who study abroad are more likely to stay in college, graduate within four years, and earn a higher grade point average. But more than 75 percent of the 289,000 U.S. students who study abroad each year are white, and 65 percent are female. Nonwhite students constitute 39.6 percent of the U.S. undergraduate population, yet they make up only 23.7 percent of the study abroad population. Achieving greater diversity in study abroad requires a strategy.

Outlook: What LGBT Alumni Want to See
CURRENTS Article For your advancement efforts to succeed in the coming decades, you must offer on-campus programming for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender alumni, students, and parents. Such programs benefit them and signal that your institution is a welcoming, inclusive place.

Call Me Mx.
CURRENTS Article "Mx."—a gender-neutral courtesy title used in place of Miss, Ms., Mrs., or Mr.—is a recent addition to Merriam-Webster's "words we're watching" list and a new entry in the online Oxford Dictionaries. Already used on official U.K. documents such as driver's licenses, it is being adopted by higher education institutions as well.

Outlook: Creating Culturally Competent Campuses
CURRENTS Article The rise of racial incidents on campus is unsurprising; colleges are a microcosm of the larger polarized society. It's our job as educators to teach students to be culturally competent, but the effort must be ongoing. Institutions must be proactive to head off incidents through what we do best—education.

How to Grow LGBT Engagement and Fundraising
Podcast Roosevelt University's Charles Middleton talks about some myths about lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people that often hinder institutional outreach to this group.

Odds and Ends: Prime Donna
CURRENTS Article In this Q&A article, political strategist Donna Brazile discusses diversity and inclusion in education.

The Hashtag Heard ’Round the World
CURRENTS Article One of the most visible and successful examples of student activists advocating causes and issues on social media is #BBUM (Being Black at the University of Michigan), a Twitter campaign launched by U-M's Black Student Union in November 2013. In this article, CURRENTS interviews a communications vice president at U-M about the lessons that she and the institution learned.

The Case for Diversity
CURRENTS Article Fifty years later, historically marginalized members of society have better access to opportunities, but there's still a noticeable lack of diversity in many industries and professions—including advancement. This is an introductory piece to CASE's special issue on diversity in advancement.

Inclusion Illusions
CURRENTS Article For many alumni of color and other minority populations who matriculated when campuses were newly or barely integrated or otherwise unwelcoming places, the sting of racism and isolation still lingers. For this group, diversity matters. Embarking on an honest discussion about the institution's perhaps not-so-hospitable past is a challenging, but necessary, step toward successfully engaging diverse alumni. Other requirements: commitments from both the institution and alumni, sound volunteer-management techniques, and inclusive alumni programming.

Diverse Institutions Need Diverse Advancement Staffs
Article,  BriefCASE Article As more underrepresented minorities enter higher education, it’s important that they see diversity in the ranks of their institution’s advancement staff, says a CASE faculty member.

Promoting Pride
CURRENTS Article With the Winter Olympics set to begin in Russia on February 7, scrutiny of the government’s anti-gay laws will be intense. CURRENTS looks at how educational institutions are addressing lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues on their campuses. LGBT alumni donors want to know that institutions are creating safe and inclusive environments for gay students. See how institutions are serving LGBT alumni and students.

Talking Points: Can You See Us Now?
CURRENTS Article Many Asian-Americans enrolled in higher education come from low-income backgrounds and face significant challenges to college completion. The Partnership for Equity in Education through Research is working with institutions to develop and promote programs that help these students earn their degrees.

Career Cliffhanger
CURRENTS Article Women hold a growing percentage of leadership positions in higher education but remain a confounding minority at the highest levels, according to recent studies.

Facing History
CURRENTS Article This article looks at how institutions such as Emory University, the University of Mississippi, Brown University, and others have addressed and acknowledged the negative aspects of their institutional histories and historical missteps.

Talking Points: On Unequal Footing
CURRENTS Article While a degree improves earnings considerably for college graduates, women often do not reap the same financial rewards that men do from their degrees. A 2012 report from the American Association of University Women found that U.S. women working full time one year after college graduation were paid 82 cents for every dollar paid to men in their graduating class. The government, employers, and college women need to take action to bridge this gender gap.

Coffee and Communication
CURRENTS Article A multicultural parents collaborative helps all parents become involved at their child's school, regardless of their ability to speak English.

Talking Points: Mission Achievable
CURRENTS Article Initiative shows that with collective effort, closing the college enrollment and graduation gap between underrepresented minority and low-income students and others is possible.

Outlook: Losing Ground
CURRENTS Article Before the U.S. Supreme Court addresses another challenge to affirmative action, higher education leaders who know the benefits of a diverse campus should speak up, says diversity expert William Harvey.

Odds and Ends: Big Man on Campus
CURRENTS Article Ernie G, a spokesperson for the Hispanic College Fund, delivers jokes across the United States to inspire current and prospective Latino college students.

Outlook: Rhetoric and Priorities
CURRENTS Article The writer, an employee of Syracuse University, argues that all higher education institutions need to go to the mat to make college more affordable and provide all students with an appropriately broad and deep liberal arts education that at the same time prepares them to take on the complex challenges of the world.

Talking Points: Finding the Way Forward
CURRENTS Article A report on the educational attainment of U.S. men of color sounds alarm about the need to address the barriers that keep some men from earning college degrees.

Gender Gap in Higher Ed Stabilizing in U.S., Canada
Article,  BriefCASE Article The gender gap in higher education has apparently stabilized for most groups in the United States, although it continues to grow among Hispanic students. That's according to a new study by the American Council on Education.

More U.S. Hispanic High School Grads Seek College
Article,  BriefCASE Article A recent Bloomberg article reports that more Hispanic high school graduates in the United States are planning to go to college.

The Pendulum Swings
CURRENTS Article For the past two decades, more women than men have been earning college degrees across the developed world. This gender gap in higher education continues to grow. What accounts for the difference in male-female achievement? And should we, as society, be worried?

Postcard from Toronto
CURRENTS Article As the city of Toronto, Ontario, deals with a new, diverse population, the University of Toronto looks to establish new advancement goals that will include this diasporic community.

Race-Conscious Admissions Policies Benefit Society, Not Just Individuals
CURRENTS Article Race-conscious admissions is a hot-button topic with strong feelings on both sides of the debate. This issue of CURRENTS includes discussions of each viewpoint. This article argues that taking race into consideration in admissions is necessary in the fight to erase racial inequality.

Favoritism in Admissions Does Not Serve a Greater Good
CURRENTS Article Race-conscious admissions is a hot-button topic with strong feelings on both sides of the debate. This issue of CURRENTS includes articles of each viewpoint. This article argues that taking race into consideration in admissions is harmful to all involved.

See and Be Seen
CURRENTS Article Information properly tailored for the right audience can help attract minority students, and communications professionals are fine-tuning their traditional delivery tools and adopting new methods to reach multicultural audiences with information. This article, part of the this issue's cover focus on advancement and demographics, focuses on communicating with growing multicultural audiences and explores what evaluating demographic information can do for planning and policy-setting. It outlines strategies for how to communicate with these groups and how to market to them.

Advance Work: A Matter of Degrees
CURRENTS Article Women earned nearly 58 percent of all degrees in the 2002-2003 academic year, while men received slightly more than 42 percent, according to data compiled by the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics.

Closing Remarks: Unfinished Business
CURRENTS Article As the U.S. marks the 50th anniversary of Brown vs. the Board of Education, there is much heartfelt analysis of how far society has come in integrating public education institutions, yet many schools remain minimally integrated, at best. Some scholars note outright regression in the struggle to integrate public education--trends that certainly adversely affect higher education. Such resegregation perpetuates a deeply divided society that fails to develop the abilities of all citizens and places the nation at a competitive disadvantage globally. In 2004, achieving equality and inclusiveness requires all Americans to ensure that every child has equal access to a quality education regardless of color, economic status, or geo-political jurisdiction.

Talking Points: Supreme Confusion
CURRENTS Article A higher education attorney explains the U.S. Supreme Court's 2003 rulings on the University of Michigan affimative action admissions programs. The much-anticipated rulings were expected to define the legality of affirmative action, but institution leaders remain uncertain about how to interpret the rulings and how they will affect race-conscious decision making in higher education admissions.

AdvanceWork: Mistake-Free Multiculturalism
CURRENTS Article Avoiding faux pas when marketing to diverse audiences

Talking Points: Know the Score
CURRENTS Article Even equity pros can use some coaching on Title IX compliance in collegiate athletics

Focusing on Minority Recruitment
CURRENTS Article Campuses use creative measures to promote diversity amid anti-affirmative action movements

Handle with Care
CURRENTS Article Public relations officers often must take the lead in handling campus crises -- a job requiring many levels of negotiation, compromise, communication, and implementation. The article describes how five campuses are successfully managing these potentially explosive situations and keeping their institutional reputations intact. Examples include campus protests (Georgetown University), student demonstrations (Henry Ford Community College), alcohol abuse (Michigan State University), racial tension (University of Hartford), and sexual misconduct (University of Toronto). A sidebar provides seven crisis-planning tips.

Talking Points: Bakke to the Future
CURRENTS Article Some courts, and many voters, seek to end policies that support racial preferences, yet the federal government still enforces race-based remedies to make up for past discrimination. These seemingly conflicting directives have left institutions uncertain of the legal standing of their affirmative action programs. McDowell continues his discussion of affirmative action from the January 1999 issue by summarizing current court cases involving financial aid at Alabama State University, Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education, University of California at Berkeley, and Clemson University, as well as cases involving admissions at University of Michigan, University of Texas at Austin, University of Washington, and University of Georgia System.

Talking Points: Caught in the Muddle
CURRENTS Article Nearly three decades of often conflicting directives on race-based affirmative action have left academic institutions uncertain of the legal standing of their affirmative action programs. To help advancement officers understand this difficult area, McDowell traces the legal history of affirmative action in education, beginning with the Civil Rights act of 1964. He summarizes the arguments for and against affirmative action, five landmark court rulings from 1954 to 1996, and statements from the Office of Civil Rights during that period. The discussion is continued in a second article in the February 1999 issue.

What Are We Doing Wrong?
CURRENTS Article In an interview with CURRENTS staff, Chronicle of Higher Education managing editor Scott Jaschik describes how those who cover the education beat approach sensitive issues like campus crime, or tuition costs, why journalists may feel thwarted by campus administrators in trying to cover these stories, and how providing more information may be beneficial to educational institutions in presenting an accurate picture of these often difficult situations. Specific examples of the types of information the media may want on various issues are presented.

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